Recently Sergey Kirpotin, the head of the BioClimLand Centre, and Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, assistant professor at the Biological Institute, returned from a trip to Sweden, where they met with their colleagues in the project SIWA. After the visit the very new equipment was borrowed to the TSU' researchers to monitor reservoirs in Western Siberia in the changing climate.
- The Swedish University of Umea has a center of research in the field of climate change, CIRC (Climate Impacts Research Centre). Our colleagues from the Centre have prepared for us the equipment that is needed for the job. This is different sensors and loggers (devices for monitoring) that will help to get entirely new information about Siberia, - says Sergey Kirpotin.
The new equipment will help us understand the processes related to the carbon cycle: how the emission of greenhouse gases from reservoirs is going, and what amounts of methane and CO2 flow into the reservoirs and how this mixture is spread on territory with lateral flows. Among the instruments delivered to Tomsk are those with which researchers will work on expeditions, and those that should be placed at certain points for seasonal autonomous monitoring.
- Throughout the season, loggers will take water status indicators readings, including the dynamics of gases, hydrological parameters, temperature, pH and others. These devices can operate in standalone mode with a solar battery, - says Sergey Kirpotin.
Now the equipment passes the test on the floodplain of the river Ob. And the first expedition to Western Siberia starts in the early June. The expedition members will hold a series of measurements with new devices at different reservoirs from south to north. In addition, in the first expedition loggers will be set to the five rivers: it is assumed that they will operate independently until the end of the summer, and then the scientists will collect the devices and decipher the recorded information for the three months.
For reference: The project "Climate impact on the carbon emission and export from. Siberian inland waters" or abbreviated SIWA (from «Siberian inland waters») attended by research teams from four countries - Russia, Sweden, France, and the UK. The collaboration of researchers has set the task not just to examine the state of permafrost, but to expand the knowledge of its effects on the conservation and greenhouse gas emissions to water and air protection. The project was initiated by TSU scientists in 2014 and received support within the framework of the European program «Joint Programming Initiatives»